Template:IPAc-en

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This template is used to display English International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). The pronunciation is broken into individual phonemes so that they will have tooltips (mouse-over text) to indicate pronunciation. All phonemes from IPA for English are available. For anything outside that set, a different template should be used.

The initial arguments can be used to indicate a pronunciation prescript (eg, English pronunciation:). The available pronunciation codes are:

Code Aliases Output
lang english English
pron pronunciation pronunciation:
local local
ipa IPA
aus AU
ca CA
ie IE
nz NZ
uk UK
us US
za ZA

The first argument that is not a pronunciation code will be treated as a phoneme. See the collapsed table below for a full list of phoneme codes. As well as phonemes, there are some separator codes as well. For example, you can use a keyboard underscore _ for a space between words. Phonemes are underlined, but separators are not, and separators do not have any tooltip text.

Phoneme codes
Code Aliases Display text Tooltip Type
b b 'b' in 'buy' phoneme
d d 'd' in 'dye' phoneme
(d) optional 'd' phoneme
dj dy, dj /dj/ 'd' in 'dew' phoneme
ð D, dh ð /ð/ 'th' in 'thy' phoneme
J, dZ, dzh, ʤ /dʒ/ 'j' in 'jam' phoneme
f f 'f' in 'find' phoneme
ɡ g ɡ 'g' in 'guy' phoneme
h h 'h' in 'hi' phoneme
j y j /j/ 'y' in 'yes' phoneme
k k 'k' in 'kind' phoneme
l ɫ l 'l' in 'lie' phoneme
lj ly, lj /lj/ 'l' in 'lute' phoneme
m m 'm' in 'my' phoneme
n n 'n' in 'no' phoneme
nj ny, nj /nj/ 'n' in 'new' phoneme
ŋ N, ng ŋ /ŋ/ 'ng' in 'sing' phoneme
ŋg ngg, Ng ŋɡ /ŋɡ/ 'ng' in 'finger' phoneme
θ T, th θ /θ/ 'th' in 'thigh' phoneme
θj thy, thj, θʲ θj /θj/ 'th' in 'enthusiasm' phoneme
p p 'p' in 'pie' phoneme
r ɹ, ɻ r 'r' in 'rye' phoneme
s s 's' in 'sigh' phoneme
sj sy, sj /sj/ 's' in 'suit' phoneme
ʃ S, sh ʃ /ʃ/ 'sh' in 'shy' phoneme
t t 't' in 'tie' phoneme
(t) optional 't' phoneme
tj ty, tj /tj/ 't' in 'tune' phoneme
C, ch, tS, ʧ /tʃ/ 'ch' in 'china' phoneme
v v 'v' in 'vie' phoneme
w w 'w' in 'wind' phoneme
hw ʍ, wh hw /hw/ 'wh' in 'why' phoneme
z z 'z' in 'Zion' phoneme
zj zy, zj /zj/ 'z' in 'Zeus' phoneme
ʒ Z, zh ʒ /ʒ/ 's' in 'pleasure' phoneme
x kh x /x/ 'ch' in 'loch' phoneme
ʔ ? ʔ /ʔ/ the catch in 'uh-oh' phoneme
ɑː A:, ah, aa, ɑ:, ä, â, , a: ɑː /ɑː/ 'a' in 'father' phoneme
ɑːr ar, ɑɹ, är, âr, aːr, a:r, ɑ:r, ɑr ɑːr /ɑːr/ 'ar' in 'bard' phoneme
ɒ Q, ŏ ɒ /ɒ/ short 'o' in 'body' phoneme
ɒ̃ ɑ̃, ɒ~, ɑ~, ã, a~, Q~ ɒ̃ /ɒ̃/ nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc' phoneme
ɒr ŏr, Qr ɒr /ɒr/ 'or' in 'moral' phoneme
æ ae, &, {, }, ă æ /æ/ short 'a' in 'bad' phoneme
ai, aI, ye, eye, ī /aɪ/ long 'i' in 'tide' phoneme
aɪər aɪr, aIr, īr, aɪə, yr aɪər /aɪər/ 'ire' in 'fire' phoneme
au, aU, ow /aʊ/ 'ou' in 'pout' phoneme
aʊər aʊr, aUr, aʊə, aur aʊər /aʊər/ 'our' in 'hour' phoneme
ɛ E, ĕ ɛ /ɛ/ short 'e' in 'bed' phoneme
ɛr Er, ĕr, err ɛr /ɛr/ 'err' in 'merry' phoneme
ei, eI, ay, ā, , e: /eɪ/ long 'a' in 'base' phoneme
ær aer, &r, æɹ, ăr, arr ær /ær/ 'arr' in 'marry' phoneme
ɛər eir, eIr, e@r, E@r, air, ɛɪɹ, eɪr, eːr, e:r, ɛəɹ, ār, ɛə ɛər /ɛər/ 'are' in 'bare' phoneme
ɪ I, ĭ ɪ /ɪ/ short 'i' in 'bid' phoneme
ɪr ĭr, irr ɪr /ɪr/ 'irr' in 'mirror' phoneme
i:, ee, ē /iː/ long 'e' in 'seed' phoneme
ɪər i:r, iːr, I@r, i@r, eer, ɪəɹ, iːɹ, ēr, ɪə ɪər /ɪər/ 'ear' in 'beard' phoneme
(i), (ɪ) /ⁱ/ optional 'i' in 'nasturtium' phoneme
(ə), (@) /ᵊ/ optional 'ə' in 'jewelry' phoneme
ʲ (j), (y), ʸ ʲ /ʲ/ optional 'j' in 'Lucas' phoneme
ɔː O, O:, aw, ɔ:, ô, ɒː, Q: ɔː /ɔː/ 'au' in 'fraud' phoneme
ɔːr Or, awr, ɔɹ, ôr, ɔ(r), ɔr ɔːr /ɔːr/ 'or' in 'born' phoneme
ɔɪ oj, ɔj, oi, , ɔi, OI, oy ɔɪ /ɔɪ/ 'oy' in 'boy' phoneme
ɔɪər ɔɪr, oyr, ɔɪə ɔɪər /ɔɪər/ 'oir' in 'loir' (rare) phoneme
o:, , ou, oU, @u, @U, oh, oe, əʊ, əu, ɔʊ, ɔu, ō /oʊ/ long 'o' in 'code' phoneme
ɔər oUr, ohr, ɔəɹ, ɔʊɹ, oʊɹ, oʊr, oːr, o:r, ōr, ɔə, ɔə(r) ɔər /ɔər/ 'ore' in 'bore' phoneme
ʊ U, uu, ŏŏ ʊ /ʊ/ short 'oo' in 'foot' phoneme
ʊr uur, Ur, ŏŏr ʊr /ʊr/ 'our' in 'courier' phoneme
u:, oo, ōō /uː/ long 'oo' in 'food' phoneme
ʊər u:r, uːr, u@r, U@r, oor, ʊəɹ, ōōr, ʊə ʊər /ʊər/ 'our' in 'tour' phoneme
juː ju:, yu:, yew, ew, ū, yoo juː /juː/ long 'u' in 'cute' phoneme
jʊər ūr, yoor, ju:r, juːr, jʊə jʊər /jʊər/ 'ure' in 'cure' phoneme
ʌ V, ŭ ʌ /ʌ/ short 'u' in 'bud' phoneme
ʌr urr, Vr, ʌɹ, ŭr ʌr /ʌr/ 'urr' in 'hurry' phoneme
ɜːr 3, 3:, ɝː, ɝ, ɜː, ɜ:, ɜ, 3r, 3:r, @:r, @:, ɜɹ, ûr, ɜ(r), ɜr ɜːr /ɜːr/ 'ir' in 'bird' phoneme
ə schwa, @ ə /ə/ 'a' in 'about' phoneme
ər ɚ, @r, əɹ, ə(r) ər /ər/ 'er' in 'finger' phoneme
ən @n, ᵊn, ən /ən/ 'on' in 'button' phoneme
oʊ- o, o-, ou-, ɵ /oʊ/ or /ə/ 'o' in 'omit' phoneme
əm @m, ᵊm, əm /əm/ 'm' in 'rhythm' phoneme
ɪ, i-, I-, ɪ-, ɨ /ɪ/ or /ə/ 'e' in 'roses' phoneme
ᵿ ʊ, u-, U-, ʊ-, ʉ ᵿ /ʊ/ or /ə/ 2nd 'u' in 'beautiful' phoneme
jᵿ jʊ, yʊ, ju-, yu-, jU-, yU-, jʊ-, jᵿ /jʊ/ or /jə/ 2nd 'u' in 'curriculum' phoneme
əl @l, ᵊl, əɫ, əl /əl/ 'le' in 'bottle' phoneme
i i /i/ 'y' in 'happy' phoneme
u u /u/ 'u' in 'situation' phoneme
ˈ ' ˈ /ˈ/ primary stress follows phoneme
ˌ , ˌ /ˌ/ secondary stress follows phoneme
. · . /./ syllable break phoneme
- - /-/ affix phoneme
,_ , separator
_ separator
and / & / separator
... ... separator

The named parameter |audio= may be used to link to an audio file.

Examples

Examples using SAMPA spelling for individual phonemes:

If [[unsupported input]] is displayed, it means that an unsupported input was used. Such instances are tallied at Category:Ill-formatted IPAc-en transclusions, where they can be reviewed and fixed.

Behaviour changes from {{IPA-en}}

The default behaviour has changed to no prescript.

It can be simulated (reinstated) using the flags lang & pron.

  • {{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˌ|æ|l|ə|ˈ|b|æ|m|ə}}English pronunciation: /ˌæləˈbæmə/

Audio files are specifically called: